More than 6000 years ago the Tapajoara culture left stone figures and fragments of some of the earliest known pottery in the Americas in and near the Santarém area.1 And while a Jesuit mission was established in Santarém in 1758, it wasn't until the 1880s that the region surrounding Suruacá and Maguary began being settled by non-indigenous people. Driven from the sertão (backlands) by drought, the forefathers of the residents of the communities were lured to the Amazon by the promise of prosperity by becoming seringueiros (rubber-tappers).
The majority of today's residents of Suruacá and Maguary are coboclos and have a mix of European, African and Indigenous bloodlines.
Samples of local folklore:
1 Source: Lonely Planet Brazil, 2006, p. 600